Weeds the bane of every vegetable gardener. The thought of spending hours every week trying to rid and control weeds is one garden nightmare we could all do with out. If the truth be known eliminating weeds and controlling them in the vegetable garden is really very easy and requires you to get one thing that causes the most weed problems under control. The number one thing that causes weeds in your vegetable garden is you, the gardener. Yes that’s right most of the weed problems in your vegetable patch are caused by you not on purpose of course but out of a lack of knowledge.
That is right you the gardener is your own worst enemy when it comes to the war on weeds. There is hope though, by following some practices that will help you to eliminate this major headache and making them a part of your garden routine will make it easy. The first and I believe the biggest cause of your weed problem is that towards the end of the growing season you have pretty much left the garden to grow and have cut down or quit weeding all together. This is a gig mistakes for these plants will quickly go to seed and that will multiply the problem 100 fold. You need to get these garden invaders as soon as you see them and certainly never let them go to flower . Once the plant has flowered the seeds develop quickly and may drop and scatter before you can get them out. Be ever vigilant and get them weeds as soon as they sprout.
Another big contributes to the unwanted growth is bare soil if you have an area that is un-planted either plant a cover crop or mulch the area heavily this will help prevent seeds blown in to your garden from germinating. If possible when you pull a crop out have another ready to plant in it’s place right away. This will insure that your garden is always productive and provide a lot of competition to keep the weeds in check.
Cultivating the soil too deeply will also turn up weeds seeds and expose them so they will germinate where as a shallow cultivation will loosen the top inch or so of soil and disrupt the growth of germinating seeds. Not only do you want to try and keep weeds out of the garden but you do not want to introduce them either. Be careful and do not add flowers or seed heads to the compost heap this will cause big problems in the garden. Also be aware that runners of aggressive grasses should not be added to the compost heap or these too will soon take over the garden. Speaking of the compost heap make sure that finished compost is covered to prevent it from becoming and unwanted breeding ground for weed seed.
Be extremely cautious about what types of amendments you add to your garden and where they came from. The source should be known to you or you may ended up sowing more of those unwanted seeds. Nobody wants that.