No matter what kind of Cole crop you are growing the soil and growing requirements are essentially the same. By selecting the right location you will be able to grow healthy and delicious, broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower.in your garden.
Cole Crops should be planted in a loose soil that are full of organic matter. but it should also be well drained. You will need 6 to 8 hours of sunlight a day and afternoon shade is okay. Also take into consideration the length of time the crop will be in the ground . If you are planting Brussels Sprouts they will be in that location for the whole year..
An absolute must with Cole Crops is rotation do not plant cole crops in the same place from year to year especially the cabbage family. Pest and disease that attack cole crops live in the soil to avoid damage to your crop you must rotate them and plant in a new section each year to control these problems.
Planting Cole Crops
If you are planning two crops in one year Spring and Fall you need to rotate these as well.
There are some varieties that mature much earlier than others and you should choose these for early spring planting. If you are putting in an early spring crop you will need to start your seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before planting them in the garden. Cole crops can be planted in the Spring as soon as the soil can be worked and you are sure that you will not get anymore hard frost.
If you think that you may get a frost a temporary cloche from plastic bottles or a row cover can be used to protect the crop.
If you are planting fall cole crops you can direct seed them in late summer into the garden bed. Be sure to keep them moist and not let them dry out as germinating seeds quickly die if allowed to dry out.Be sure to check the package for days to maturity and work backwards from there to determine planting dates before the first frost. I always like to add 10 days to two weeks to the date so I have a little cushion.