Growing garlic is relatively simple even for the most inexperienced gardener. The best time to sow garlic is in the early fall right after the first hard frost. Prepare your soil with a good organic fertilizer. Ideally the soil should be rich and well drained with a ph of 6.5 to 7.
Sow the garlic at just below the surface but no more than an inch down. The roots will start to form in a couple of weeks along with a single shoot. During the winter the roots will form a strong system and prepare the garlic to grow in early spring. Before the ground freezes be sure to mulch heavily about 6″ to keep the soil from heaving and pulling the young garlic plants out.
In early spring pull back the mulch keep the plants weeded as garlic competes poorly against weeds. If the weather is dry be sure to keep the garlic watered. Clipping the flowers off early will force the bulbs to grow bigger and offering a better harvest.
The plants are ready for harvest when the tops start to dry out. If the weather is wet at harvest time pull the bulbs a little early and let them dry out under cover. Wash off the soil then let them dry for a week or so then cut off the roots and braid the tops together and store them for use.