Your home lawn is made up of thousands of individual grass plants that all grow together and knit themselves into that big dark patch of green. There are many types of grass plants used for lawns this article will give you an overview of the more common ones.. For the home lawn we can divide the grass that is grown into two groups warm season grass and cool season grass the type you have is decided by your geographic location.
Cool Season Grasses
Those who live in the northern part of the country have lawns composed of cool season grasses. The major types of lawn grasses for the north are bluegrass, fescue, and ryegrass there is also bent grass but do to high maintenance requirementsÃ‚ is not often used in home lawns.
Kentucky Bluegrass – is the most widely planted of cool season grasses it is blue green in color and has a medium fine texture. Very cold tolerant but it does require some maintenance. Heavy watering and fertilizing will make this grass shine. Kentucky Bluegrass is usually the standard by which other grasses are measured.
Rough Bluegrass – is a fine textured grass bright green in color, it is very shallow rooted but does well in shady and moist conditions.Ã‚ In sunny locations this grass will crowd out other grasses especially Kentucky Blue Grass and Perennial Ryegrass.
Chewings Fescue – an aggressive bunch type grass that establishes it’s self quickly germinating in seven to fourteen days. Medium green in color it will crowed out other grasses but is excellent for heavy shade areas. During hot dry weather will looseÃ‚ color very quickly.
Hard Fescue – fine textured grass that grows in clumps. This fescue takes a while to fill in but once it is established it does well with minimum maintenance when mature. Very disease resistant it will hold it’s color even during hot dry weather. It is generally one of the healthiest of the fescues but is slow to recover from damage.
Red Fescue – fine textured and dark green it mixes well with bluegrass. It tolerates heat well and is less likely to form thatch than other fescues. One good thing is it grows well in both drought and shade. Often used in a mixture with bluegrass also known as creeping red fescue.
Tall Fescue – very course textured clumping grass. Tall Fescue does well in areas of mild winters and warm summers. Good for play yards and commercial areas.
Perennial Ryegrass – a fine leaf texture clumping grassÃ‚ with glossy green leaves this grass is extremely wear tolerant and has the best wear tolerance of all cool season grasses. The down side is that it does not handle extreme heat ,cold or drought very well.
Creeping Bentgrass – a very dense carpet like lawn the requires a lot of maintenance. Heavy watering and monthly fertilizing requirement. This grass must be mowed low several times a week to maintain it’s quality. Used as putting greens and lawn bowling greens it is very susceptible to disease.
Warm Season Grasses
In southern parts of the country warm season grasses are used. When the cool weather arrives a lot of these grasses turn brown and go dormant. Due to the soil and weather condition choosing the right grass is important.
Bahiagrass -Ã‚ drought tolerant and resistant to disease and insect attacks. This turf needs frequent mowingÃ‚ during hot weather. Bahiagrass will not tolerate herbicides and improper care will result in weed problems.
Bermudagrass – good turf lawn widely used in the south. With intense maintenance will produce a high quality lawn.Ã‚ Drought tolerant and disease resistant established quicklyand needs weekly watering to maintain growth during drought periods.
Centipede Grass – low growing very dense and aggressive grass does well in areas of low fertility. Grows best in full sun but it is very low maintenance and has few pest problems. Once established it makes a fine lawn.
St Augustinegrass – the most popular choice for lawns in the southern part of the country.Ã‚ A blue green color course leaves with a broad flat stem. Produces a lot of thatch that needs to be removed from time to time. Will not tolerate temperatures below twenty degrees and susceptible to disease.
Zoysiagrass -Ã‚ a very aggressive warm season grass. grows very dense and will turn light tan during cold weather and not green up till the spring until warm weather arrives again. Will not tolerate poorly drained soil. It greens up late in the spring and is a slow grower.