I am sure you have heard about companion planting but you may not know the benefits of the centuries old gardening technique. Certain plants it has been found benefit when planted next to each other some of these help repel pests others invite pollinators such as bees and butterflies some are even good for the soil.
One example of a plant that repels pest is the marigold. The scent given off is a deterrent to aphids but at the same time the scent attracts hover flies which actually prey on aphids so marigolds help with aphid infestations in two different ways . Another type of plant is one which is called a trap crop they idea is the plant attracts the same type of pests as the desired crop to help t protect the desired crops. A good example is nasturtiums they are a good attractor of caterpillars so you would plant them with a crop like cabbage or cauliflower to help those plants by drawing the caterpillar laying insects away.
Legumes are a great example of a companion that improves the soil. When grown they will fix nitrogen into the soil this means that you will not have to fertilize the next crop you plant there. There are other types of companion plantings as well, one of the others is when you plant a shade loving crop below a tall sun lover that will help to shade the plant below.
There has been a lot of research on companion planting and it is now being proven scientifically that companion planting does work. I think you will be surprised if you try this out in your next garden. To help you get started I will give you some suggestions of plantings that work well together.
Tomatoes do well with asparagus, celery, carrot, parsley, and marigolds.
Broccoli do well with celery, chamomile, dill, and rosemary.
Beans do well with carrot, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber,and marigolds.
Cucumber do well with bean, celery, lettuce, pea, and radish.
Just as some plants work well together there are some plants that should never be planted together. These plants should never be planted together because the are detrimental to each other and the plants just plane old don’t perform well. Using the above I will list some plants they should never be planted with.
Tomatoes never with corn, fennel, or potato.
Broccoli never with oregano or strawberry
Beans never with chives, leek, or garlic.
Cucumber never with cauliflower, potato, or basil.
These are but a few examples to think about. I believe that once you try companion planting and see the results for yourself you will be hooked.